Sawmilling Process |
Kiln Dried Lumber Process | Custom
Millwork Process | Material Safety Data
Material Safety Data
Table of Contents
Wood Dust Combustibility ....................................................................2
Allergic Reaction Possibilities & Suggested Safety Precautions.....2
OSHA Material Safety Data...................................................................9
Wood Dust Combustibility
This section is provided to help mitigate through education,
the potential dangers in using wood, creating sanding and
sawdust and then breathing or coming in contact with that
Wood dust is combustible. It will:
• Burn easily when exposed to an open flame or is heated
• Explode when suspended in the air in sufficient
quantities and/or it comes in contact with an ignition
• Ignite through spontaneous combustion if it is
mixed with oils.
Wood dust is a potential carcinogen with an
increased risk of contracting nasal cancer after repeated
exposure to wood dust.
Wood dust is the medium by which
potentially irritant chemicals found in wood can cause
Most all woods, cosmetic, as well as imported, contain
chemical compounds which some people can find irritating
or sanding. However, the woods themselves are not
hazardous, skin contact or inhalation of wood dust can
this is the usual means to convey the potentially
found in most woods, installers, because of their
repeated exposure to sanding and saw dust, need to be
the possibility of allergic reaction. Your flooring,
with a finish, is basically inert.
This allergic reaction
comes in two forms:
• It can be respiratory, cause sneezing and/or breathing
• It can be in the form of a skin irritant causing
itching and in rare cases allergic reactions such
As an individual becomes sensitized to a wood
over time these reactions get stronger. In one case, a
who has been using exotic wood in elaborate pattern
work extensively over the last twenty years and had
been previously sensitized as a result, experienced
serious contact dermatitis and broke out in painful
Bolivian Rosewood floor. So it can happen.
preventing measures such as having good dust collection
attached to your sanders, wearing
shirts and hats to avoid skin exposure, and showering
after being exposed to dust, will minimize the
skin irritant potential. Wearing a good dust respirator
However, for those who wish to test their
skins allergic reactive potential prior to working with
of dust may perform skin patch test. Take a small
quantity of fine dust from the wood being used
and place under
a round band-aid on the inside of your forearm.
24 hours and then remove. If any serious skin
irritation is present, DO NOT proceed. We recommend this
be performed prior to using any woods in quantity
and/or in very dusty
conditions, which we have noted as having high
potential for allergic reaction. On the following
page is a
chart, which list woods and potential allergic
Wood dust is also extremely combustible.
Keep in a cool dry place away from ignition sources.
which in turn create severe explosion hazards
should it come in contact with an ignition
please refer to the OSHA Material Safety Data.
Section I: Product Identification
Product Name and Synonyms: Wood dust, Sawdust
Case Name and Number: N/A
Chemical Family: Can be found as component
of wood, wood chips, and planer shavings.
Chemical Formula: N/A
Manufacturers Name and Address:
441 Mountain Road
Kempton, PA 19529
Section II: Hazardous Ingredients
Component %: (Weight/Volume) (Units) Units
Wood dust 100% a mg/m3* No current PEL
5 mg/m3** 10 mg/m3** for organic dusts,
including wood dusts.
Section III: Physical Properties
Appearance and odor: A granular or finely
powdered solid in varying colors and
on the wood type.
Molecular Weight: N/A
Boiling Point (Degrees Fahrenheit): N/A
Melting Point (Degrees Fahrenheit): N/A
Vapor Pressure (MM. of Mercury): N/A
Specific Gravity (Water = 1): N/A
Vapor Density (Air = 1): N/A
Percent Volatile (by weight): N/A
Solubility in Water: Insoluble
Evaporation Rate (BUTYL Acetate =
REACTION POTENTIAL CHART
Most Common Name
in flooring TradeAllergic PotentialCommon
Imported Flooring Woods
Which are well known to cause irritationCherry,
AfricanD & REbony, GabouDEbony,
MacassurDIroka, KambalaD & RRosewood, all typesDTeakD & RWalnut, AfricanD & RCommon
Imported Flooring Woods
Which sometimes cause irritationAfrormosiaD & RAneliqueD & RAniegreD & RAsh
Mountain/AplineDBubingaDCherry, African(Makore)D & RChestnut, SouthernDCypress,
AustralianRDoussieD & RGum, SpottedDGum, Sydney BlueDImbuiaD & RMahogany,
AfricanD & RMahogany, HonduranD & RMahogany, PhilippineD & RMahogany,
SantosRMahogany, SapeleDOak, Silky/LacewoodDOak, TazmanianDPadaukD & RRaminD & RRosewood,
AsianD & RSatin WoodDTeak, BrazilianDWalnut, BrazilianDWengeD & RZebrawoodRCommon
Domestic Flooring Woods
Which sometimes cause irritationAshRCedar, White & RedD & RCherryDFirD & RMapleDOak,
Red & WhiteDRedwoodD & RWalnutD & RAll woods listed above taken
from Woods Injurious to Human Health by Bjorn M Hausen 1981
D = cases of contact dermatitis have been
R = cases of respiratory disorders have
All wood dust can cause respiratory problems. Many types
of wood dust can also cause allergic reactions when coming
are known to have a higher degree of risk of reactive problems.
Please take precautions such as good ventilation, dust
masks, etc., to limit
with the dust to avoid potential problems especially when
using woods from the 1st group above.
Section IV: Fire
and Explosion Data
Flash Point: N/A
Fire Extinguishing Media: Determined by surrounding fire.
Use a water spray to wet down wood dust to reduce likelihood
ignition or dispersion
dust into the air. Remove burned or wet dust to safe open
area after fire is out.
Flammable Units (Percent by Volume):
Lower: Variable **White pine flour/dust-ca. 0.035 ox/ft3
Upper: Not available
**Values depend on wood type, particle size, level of moisture
in wood, time and rate of heating, etc. (Typically, white
would be at
about 390 - 500 degrees F.)
Special Fire Fighting Procedures & Equipment: None
Unusual Explosion and Fire Hazards: Wood dust
is a strong to severe explosion hazard if a dust “cloud” contacts
an ignition source. Partially burned dust is especially
hazardous if dispersed in air. 212 degrees F has
been suggested as the upper temperature limit for continuous
exposure for wood without risk of ignition (wood dust may
require a still lower temperature).
For example: white pine flour/dust as a “cloud” in
air requires 0.040 J min. energy for ignition and can produce
an explosion pressure of 113
Section V: Reactivity Data
Stability: _Unstable X Stable
Conditions to Avoid: N/A
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Oxidizing agents
and drying oils.
Hazardous Polymerization: Thermal-oxidative degradation
of wood produces irritating and toxic fumes and gases,
Hazardous Polymerization: _ will occur X will not
Conditions to Avoid: Wood dust is extremely
combustible. Keep in a cool, dry place away from ignition
Section VI: Health Hazard Information
Effects of Overexposure: Avoid prolonged or repeated
breathing of wood dust in air. Repeated exposures (even
below 5 mg/m3)
attached list) can produce allergic responses in sensitive
individuals. Avoid repeated or prolonged contact with
the skin, which will
also cause allergic
responses. If allergic responses, such as dermatitis,
asthma, or bronchitis develop, it may be4 necessary
to remove the
sensitive worker from further
exposure to wood dust (and also to wood based products
like turpentine and resin).
Probable Routes of Exposure: Inhalation, skin
and First Aid Procedures:
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air.
If persistent irritation, severe coughing, breathing
difficulties or rash occur, get medical advice before
returning to work
with wood dust.
Eye Contact: Flush with water to remove dust particles
from the eye.
If irritation persists, get medical attention.
If a rash, or persistent irritation of dermatitis occurs,
get medical advice before returning to work where wood
a splinter enters
the skin, remove with tweezers.
Section VII: Toxicity
Oral: Not Available
Dermal: The chronic effects of skin contact with wood
dust are not fully known and may vary from one wood
Carcinogenicity: Not listed as a carcinogen by IARG,
WTP, ACGIH, or OSHA
Other Pertinent Data: Certain species of woods,
(see attached list), are known to cause skin, eye and
along with allergenic
Exposure to wood dust has been statistically associated
with nasal cancer in British furniture workers. (CODATA
Section VIII: Special Protection Information
Personal Protective Equipment *
Recommended to reduce skin contact, except where moving
machinery parts expose fingers to hazards.
Respiratory Protection: (specific type)
Approved dust respirator, under dusty conditions.
*Protective equipment may be warranted at lower dust
exposure levels, depending on species of wood.
Other Protective Equipment:
Recommend the use of clean body-covering work clothing
to reduce exposure of skin to wood dust.
To meet TLV requirements. Due to the explosive potential
of wood dust when suspended in air, precautions should
ignition sources in ventilation equipment. Use of
total enclosed motors is recommended.
Mechanical (general): N/A
Section IX: Spill, Leak, and Disposal Procedures
Steps to be taken in case material is released or
Sweep up or vacuum up spills for recovery or disposal,
avoiding dusting conditions. Provide good ventilation.
wood dust in
a covered metal container
for prompt disposal.
Waste Disposal Methods:
Dispose in a landfill or incinerate in accordance
with local, state and federal laws.
Clean Water Act Requirements: N/A
Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Requirements: N/A
X: Regulatory Information
FDA: Pulp is listed as generally recognized as
safe (GRAS) for use in food packaging material
paper and paperboard
contact with food
186.1673). Methylcellulose (USF) is listed as GRAS
when used in accordance
with good manufacturing practice (GMP) as long
as the methoxy content is not less 27.5% and not
31.5% on a
(21 CFT 182.1480).
Cellulose pulp is approved for use as a component
of resin-bonded filters used
in producing, manufacturing, processing and preparing
food (21 CFR 177.220 (d)(1)).
USDA: USDA self-certification (9 CFR 3171.20):
is FDA approved.
TSCA: Not listed in TSCA inventory
DOT: Proper Shipping Name: sawdust
Hazard Class: ORM-C
Label Required: None
Identification Number: None
Other Pertinent Information: Sawdust must
be kept clean, dry and free from oil.
Special Precautions and Comments
Precautions to be Taken in Handling and Storing:
Avoid Hot, Humid storage or contact with drying
oils. (Spontaneous combustion is possible). Partially
or scorched wood
dust can be hazardous
Avoid generation of explosive levels of wood dust
in the air.
Follow good housekeeping practices: clean up areas
where wood dust settles to avoid excessive accumulation
Follow good hygienic practices. Wash frequently,
wear clean work clothing.
Other precautions: N/A
Effective Date: 9/01/93
IMPORTANT: The information and data herein are
believed to be accurate and have been compiled
believed to be reliable.
is offered for
your consideration, investigation, and verification.
Buyer assumes all risk of use, storage and handling
of the product
federal, state and local laws and regulation.
BAILEY WOOD PRODUCTS INC. MAKES NO WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, CONCERNING THE
INFORMATION AND DATA HEREIN.
BAILEY WOOD PRODUCTS
INC. will not be liable for claims relating to
use of reliance on information and data contained
herein regardless of whether it is claimed that
and data are inaccurate, incomplete or otherwise
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