Sawmilling Process | Kiln Dried Lumber Process | Custom Millwork Process | Material Safety Data Sheets
The legacy of sawmilling at Bailey Wood
Products dates back to 1928 when founder Howard Bailey began
and sawmilling to pay the mortgage on his newly purchased
farm. The operation has remained on a portion of that
piece of property today. Much has changed since those early
The equipment has become much more modern. The one thing
that has remained constant is the care that goes into
producing well manufactured lumber at Bailey Wood Products.
name has been known for decades as a source for great
hardwood lumber and friendly service.
The process begins with timber
that is harvested primarily from private woodlots. Our
suppliers are SFI ( Sustainable Forestry Initiative) Trained
other non-native species are purchased from wholesale importers. We also purchase
selected logs from other mills and other veneer and log buyers to be custom
sawn on our mill for special needs. We also carry a few species
of lumber that are
logs are purchased based on the net volume of board feet
they will yield when sawn and their respective grade. The
grade is determined by the amount of clear defect free sides
each log has. After grading they are sorted based upon species
and length in our log yard for storage prior to milling.
to milling each log is debarked on our log debarking machine. This is done to remove all of the dirt and debris that
got imbedded in the bark
of harvesting. This step is key to maintaining a sharp blade on the sawmill.
We also generate a raw bark by-product that is sold for landscape mulch.
After debarking each log is checked for any imbedded metal with a metal
detector. This is a safe guard against blade damage and extends
cutting life of each
completion of debarking and metal detection, each log is
ready for processing on our 36” double cut bandsaw.
The sawyer processes the log to yield the clearest lumber
and highest grade with each saw pass through the log. When
certain dimensions are required the computerized setworks
aids the sawyer. We also produce flitch cut slabs that are
stacked in a boule (their original orientation in the log)
for book matching or other special needs. We also quarter
saw certain species for the stable lumber it produces and
to bring out the beautiful figuring and grain. The bandsaw
mill is capable of sawing logs 4’ to 24’ in
length. This allows us to produce shorts from crotch sections
and other figured short logs all the way up to long timbers.
After being sawn to the desired dimension,
thickness, or specially sawn for grade and figure the resulting lumber
is edged and trimmed. We also
lumber where the natural edge of the piece is retained for table tops
or other specialty applications.
Once the lumber has been sawn it is
stacked onto fluted drying sticks to prevent sticker stain
in the drying process. Depending on the species
time of year
most lumber is air dried prior to going into one of our five Koetter
Dry kilns for final drying. During warmer weather conditions, white
Ash, Poplar and Birch are dried shortly after stickering to maintain
that bright white color.
lumber is then dried in one of our five dry kilns to an
equilibrium moisture content of 6% to 8%. The drying
process is done at a rate that each species will give up
the bound water freely. This rate of drying varies from
specie to specie and also lengthens with increased thickness
of the lumber. Prior to removing the lumber from the kiln
chamber it is conditioned. This process equalizes the moisture
gradient between the core of the piece and the outside shell.
This process produces lumber that is stress free and nice
to machine and works well. This is a must for fine woodworking
of drying, the lumber is removed from the kiln and is sorted
for grade and width. At this time we mark the net
footage on the
face of each piece. This is done for inventory control and also
know the net measurement of each piece they are purchasing. Items
not stored in the retail bin are tallied and bundled for storage
offer further processing of our kiln dried hardwoods in
our mill shop. Our newly installed helical cutter
head in our 24” planer does a superb job of surfacing
the most figured hardwoods. We can also straight edge your
material on one or two edges, and also rip to specific widths
if desired on our laser guided rip saw. We also recently
installed a vertical band resaw for cutting material thinner
than one inch. This has a capability of resawing up to 12”
in width. Our 36” Wide Belt Sander can also be used
to produce a finely sanded finish on your selected material.
We also have a glue rack that allows us to make glued panels
and parts for a variety of applications up to 16’
and adjusted for 24’ under special situations.
capabilities are a new feature at Bailey Wood Products.
We have a 5 head Weinig molder capable of producing a wide
variety of moldings as well as flooring, paneling, log siding
and wainscoting in any hardwood. Please view our catalog
of profiles. If you do not see one that fits your needs
we have a tool room on site that can custom grind a cutter
to make any profile you might need.
Bailey Wood Products is committed to utilizing
our resources wisely and efficiently. We just completed
of a wood waste
to create hot water
to heat our buildings and dry kilns. This helps reduce
our demand on fossil fuels. We also take our bark and sell
to a processor
of our mill chips and sawdust is used for animal bedding
or sold for the manufacture of wood pellets for heat.
Please view our video to get an even better idea of the scope of Bailey Wood Product's capabilities.
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